Since the mid-2010's, Turkey and Russia have maintained a fruitful dialogue and cooperation on many open fronts despite their long-lasting differences. The search for cooperation began amid the biggest crisis of the last period in the Russian-Turkish relations, that is the shooting down of a Russian fighter jet in Syria, and it intensified after the failed coup in Turkey. The multi-level cooperation between Turkey and Russia is described by modern analysts as ‘conflictual’ or ‘adversary’. This paper focuses exclusively on the last six years of Turkish-Russian relations (2016-2022) and analyzes the Turkish-Russian conflictual cooperation through the lens of the Turkish magazine ‘Kriter’, which reflects the positions of the Turkish Government.
Turkey, Russia, Black Sea, Mediterranean, conflictual cooperation